Archive for the ‘Urdu News Articles about Poor Farmers’ Category

Agricultural income tax in next budget:Tarin

Post Source: DAWN Staff Reporter – 13 Feb, 2010 

ISLAMABAD: The government would bring new services into the tax net in next year’s budget and generate meaningful revenue contribution from property, agricultural sector and stock markets, Finance Minister Shaukat Tarin said on Friday. 

During a meeting with a task force on private sector development, the minister said the government would convert capital value tax on property into capital gains tax and its rate would be kept dynamic. He said a tax on agricultural income would be introduced in the next financial year. About the capital gains tax, the minister said talks would be held with stock markets representatives next week and the process could be completed much before the finalisation of the new budget. 

Later, talking to journalists, the minister brushed aside speculations about his resignation and said he was not the kind of person who would leave the field and run away, adding that he would prefer to confront any opposition. Mr Tarin said the government planned to empower and strengthen all regulatory bodies to improve governance, adding that he would ensure that heads of all regulatory bodies were hired purely on professional consideration. 

He said the appointment of the heads of regulatory bodies like State Bank, Auditor General, Nepra, Pemra and Ogra would be presented before parliament for ratification for the sake of credibility and people’s confidence. He said the government would introduce laws under which the Auditor General of Pakistan would submit his reports and findings directly to the Public Accounts Committee. 

When asked how did the government plan to reform the legal and judicial system for dispute resolution and economic issues, the minister said his ministry planned to sit with judges to resolve the matter.

 

Taxing agriculture

Post Source: Dawn Editorial 

The government’s financial difficulties seem to have compelled policymakers to refocus attention on improving revenue through taxing agricultural income. This was underscored by the finance minister’s vow to impose agricultural income tax from the next financial year. 

Agriculture constitutes almost one quarter of our economy. Yet successive governments have failed to effectively tax income generated by the sector. Agricultural income tax, as a result, has remained stagnant at less than Rs1bn for more than a decade despite the prices of agricultural commodities having risen manifold over these years. 

As things stand today, agricultural income tax is mainly collected in Punjab. In Sindh, its collection remains insignificant and there is hardly any recovery in Balochistan or the NWFP. 

The stagnation in agricultural income tax recovery is blamed on the presumptive nature of the tax and exemptions given to small landholders.

Imposed effectively and indiscriminately, agricultural income tax has immense potential to generate billions of rupees in government revenue. But powerful landholders have always used their political clout to counter efforts to tap the potential of this tax. 

It remains to be seen how the government withstands the pressure exerted by them if and when it tries to increase the collection of agricultural income tax. 

However, one thing is quite clear: the government is fast running out of time to increase its tax revenues. It must raise the abysmally low tax-to-GDP ratio of less than 10 per cent, which is at the heart of the budgetary problems staring the government in the face. 

Sustainable growth will remain a pipedream unless the government’s fiscal position improves through a drastic increase in the collection of tax revenue.

Nevertheless, an effective, exemption-free agricultural income tax alone is not going to strengthen the financial position. The government also needs to do some serious thinking to do away with tax exemptions allowed to the real estate sector and share business. 

These two sectors have enormous potential of generating revenue. Taxing them will also weaken opposition to agricultural income tax. The principle of equity demands that nobody be exempted from paying taxes irrespective of the source of their income.

کسانوں اور زرعی مزدوروں کے حقوق کیلئے سیپ کی ملک گیر مہم شروع

لاہور (نیوز رپورٹر) چھٹی قومی زراعت شماری مےں کسانوں اورزرعی مزدوروں خصوصا عورتوںاو اقلےتوں کے مسائل اٹھانے کے لئے سیپ پاکستان نے ملک گیر مہم کا آغاز کر دیا ہے تاکہ سرکاری پالےسےوں منصوبو ں اور قانون سازی کے عمل مےں شمولےت سے ان محروم لوگوں کو روزگار کی فراہمی ،تحفظ خوراک،کے مواقع وپروگرام اور وسائل مہےا کئے جا سکےں ۔ساوتھ ایشیا پارٹنر شپ نے اس امر پر گہری تشوےش کا اظہارکیاہے کہ اس اہم ترےن کام مےںکسان و مزدور عورتوں کو مکمل طور پر نظر انداز کےا گےا ہے ،ان کے ابتر حالات کے بارے مےں ہماری رےاست کا روےہ ہر گز بھی مناسب نہےںاسی لئے زراعت شماری مےں ان کے مسائل و حالات کوشامل نہےں کےا جاتا اور نہ ہی وہ قومی منصوبہ سازی اور پالےسےوں کا حصہ بن سکتے ہےں۔ انہوں نے کہا کہ افراد شماری ہو ےا زراعت شماری ،ہماری ر ےا ست اسے بطو رہتھےار استعمال کرتی چلی آ رہی ہے اورنمونہ جاتی زراعت شماری کے ذرےعہ رےاست اپنے من پسند اعداد وشمار اور معلومات اکٹھی کر کے اپنے کام مےں لا تی ہے اورےہ خد شہ بھی ہے کہ کہےں اےسا تو نہےں کہ حکو مت زراعت شماری کے ذرےعے کارپورٹ فارمنگ کےلئے ز رعی زمےنوں کے کوائف ا کٹھے کرناچاہتی ہو تاکہ ےہ معلومات غےر ملکی کمپنےوں کو فراہم کی جا سکےں ۔سےپ پاکستان اور اس کے نےٹ ورک مےں شامل تنظےموں اور کسانوں و مزدوروں کے نمائےندے نے مطا لبہ کیا ہے کہ زراعت شماری نمونہ جاتی کے بجائے ملک گےر سطح ُپر کرائی جائے اورکسانوں ومزدوروں (عورتوں، مردوں اور اقلےتوں ) پر مشتمل کل آبادی مےں خوراک ،تعلےم ،صحت ،روز گار اور دےگر صورتحال کے بارے مےں اعداد و شمار اکٹھے کئے جائےں زرعی پےداواری عمل مےں عورتوں کے کام کی ہر نوعےت سامنے لائی جائے اور زرعی معشےےت مےں ان کے حصے کو بھی اجاگر کےا جائے ۔

Loan for small farmers

Post Source: Daily Aajkal (Urdu)

Movement against Corporate Farming

Post Source: Daily Waqt – Lahore (November 25, 2009)

Post Source: Daily Waqt – Urdu Newspaper

Daily Waqt – November 7, 2009 – Lahore

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Demo 2

 

 

Post Source: Daily Waqt – Lahore

Daily Waqt Urdu Newspaper (August 26, 2009)

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Post Source: Daily Waqt – Lahore

Daily Waqt Urdu Newspaper

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